Tagged "bubble blowing"


Ask a Therapist: Significant Tongue Thrust Swallow Pattern and Tongue Protrusion

Posted by Deborah Grauzam on

Hello!

 

I have a 13 month old with Down syndrome who has a significant tongue thrust swallow pattern and tongue protrusion. Her tongue is ALWAYS out of her mouth, far. Almost as if she is intentionally pushing it all the way out. She retracts her tongue when I place a straw in the corner of her mouth, place a puff on her molar ridge (and will maintain tongue lateralization for a short period), and when I place the elephant jiggler in her mouth. As soon as she attempts to control the puff with her tongue or swallow, her tongue pushes forward again. I can prompt her to retract her tongue at rest but it comes right back out. What else can I do? I only get to see her one time per month at this point. Mom sits in on sessions and carries over at home. Pediatrician and ENT have no concerns about size of tonsils; I have not observed them myself yet.

 

Aubrie

 

Hi Aubrie,

It sounds like you have been working really hard with this patient to address the tongue retraction.  Everything you are already doing sounds great.  I would add bubble blowing, horn blowing and chewing on the back molars (with cubes of food if able, z-vibe and the bite tubes). All of this will encourage tongue retraction in the mouth. The more you can work on the retraction the better.  

I hope this helps.

Please let me know if you have any other questions.

Thanks,

Elizabeth J. Smithson, M.S.P., CCC-SLP 

 

Elizabeth Smithson, MSP, CCC-SLP is a Speech-Language Pathologist who has over 10 years of professional experience working with infants, children, adolescents and adults. She earned her Master of Speech Pathology at the University of South Carolina. Liz is also a Level 5 TalkTools® Trained Therapist. She has received specialized training in Oral Placement Therapy, Speech, Feeding, Apraxia, Sensory Processing Disorders, and PROMPT©. Liz works with clients with a wide range of disabilities including Cerebral Palsy, Down Syndrome, and Spinal Muscular Atrophy.  She works through her own private practice Elizabeth Smithson Therapy, LLC in the home setting and in the TalkTools® office in Charleston, SC.

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Ask A Therapist: /h/ for /k/

Posted by Deborah Grauzam on

Hi TalkTools,

 

I have a 6 year old male student who produces /h/ for /k/. He appears to have placement, and is able to produce /g/. However, we have not been successful in nearly a year of therapy with eliciting /k/. His voice is hoarse during conversational speech. His mother is not interested in visiting an Ear, Nose & Throat Doctor. Do you have any suggestions or theories? Thank you.

 

Angela

 

Hi Angela,

Based on what you have written he just is not associating tongue elevation with his "k" sound and instead is producing the 'h." I would work on "g" repetitively and throw in a whispered "k" in a sequence of sounds (having him repeat). I would try to get him in the right position over and over and over again and then switch quickly to the "k" and see if that works. Work on teaching "k" as the quiet sound. 

Other exercises you can try would be horn blowing, bubble blowing, and straw drinking. This will help to reinforce the back of tongue retraction that is important for that speech sound. Even though it seems he already has the placement with the "g," hopefully the repetition will help get him transitioned to the "k."

I hope these ideas help. Please let me know how it goes and write back with any other questions.

Have a great day.

Thanks,

Liz

 

Elizabeth Smithson, MSP, CCC-SLP is a Speech-Language Pathologist who has over 10 years of professional experience working with infants, children, adolescents and adults. She earned her Master of Speech Pathology at the University of South Carolina. Liz is also a Level 5 TalkTools® Trained Therapist. She has received specialized training in Oral Placement Therapy, Speech, Feeding, Apraxia, Sensory Processing Disorders, and PROMPT©. Liz works with clients with a wide range of disabilities including Cerebral Palsy, Down Syndrome, and Spinal Muscular Atrophy.  She works through her own private practice Elizabeth Smithson Therapy, LLC in the home setting and in the TalkTools® office in Charleston, SC.

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Ask A Therapist: Tongue Retraction

Posted by Deborah Grauzam on

Hi,

 

I'm beginning to work with a 7 year old boy with Down Syndrome and Apraxia. For the straws, he protrudes his tongue under the straw. He also does this with the Honey Bear. His Mom says she has a verbal cue of "fishy kiss" which will help him to round lips, and tongue will retract.

 

He also does the horns. He mastered #1 today :) ! We're also working with chewy tubes. Red is great, compressions become weaker with yellow. Bubbles are still needing cueing with the blue apraxia tube to get the lips rounded. He has a lot of force, but his lower lip protrudes and elevates and all of his air is directed up instead of out. It's getting better.

 

Is there something else I should be doing to get that tongue to the right position for straw drinking?

 

Thank you,

 

Meredith


Hi Meredith,

Great question regarding tongue retraction. The straw kit will work on tongue retraction at different levels of the tongue. It is important to have your patient work through the whole straw kit to achieve the retraction. It is also important to note that he does not have to demonstrate tongue retraction with straw drinking until he reaches straw #5. I do think using the "fishy kiss" verbal prompt before offering the straw is a great idea to set him up for the right movement pattern on the straw.   As far as the bubbles, try using the toothette with vibration as a sensory warm up right before the bubble activity. This should help him to achieve lip rounding more at mid-line without the upward movement he is demonstrating. Then I would transition immediately to using the green bubble tube that comes in the kit for blowing bubbles. Attempt blowing bubbles with this tube and see if that helps. Please let me know if you have any other questions. I hope this all helps. Thanks,

Elizabeth Smithson, MSP, CCC-SLP


 

Elizabeth Smithson, MSP, CCC-SLP is a Speech-Language Pathologist who has over 10 years of professional experience working with infants, children, adolescents and adults. She earned her Master of Speech Pathology at the University of South Carolina. Liz is also a Level 5 TalkTools® Trained Therapist. She has received specialized training in Oral Placement Therapy, Speech, Feeding, Apraxia, Sensory Processing Disorders, and PROMPT©. Liz works with clients with a wide range of disabilities including Cerebral Palsy, Down Syndrome, and Spinal Muscular Atrophy.  She works through her own private practice Elizabeth Smithson Therapy, LLC in the home setting and in the TalkTools office in Charleston, SC.

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Ask A Therapist: Client with Autism and Apraxia of Speech

Posted by Deborah Grauzam on

Hello TalkTools,

 

I am an SLP working with a four year old boy with autism and apraxia of speech. He has some significant drooling and is non-verbal. I completed the "Three-Part Treatment Plan for Oral Placement Therapy" on-demand course, but was hoping for some guidance from your Instructors.

 

He is the first child I've used Oral Placement Therapy (OPT) with, and we're working on the Drooling Remediation Program. He's progressing really well with the Chewy Tubes and the Straw Hierarchy but is not able to volitionally blow on Step 3 of the Bubble Blowing Hierarchy, nor is he able to blow for Horn #1 or hold a tongue depressor between his lips for any length of time.

 

He is able to produce the /m/ and /b/ sounds, but often not on command. He just recently began to show some lip rounding while producing a /w/ sound.

 

I did purchase the Pre-Hierarchy Horn and have been working on the ball/exhalation activities. Is there anything else I can/should be doing to help him with blowing?

 

Also, when he eats, he sometimes will chew the food, remove the bolus from his mouth, rest for a few seconds and then place the food back in his mouth and finish chewing/swallowing. Do you have suggestions on how to address this?

 

Thank you in advance,

 

Amber

 

Hi Amber,

I'm Robyn, a TalkTools® Instructor, and I will answer your questions the best I can without knowing the child.

I will start with the feeding issue first. This sounds like a self-stimulatory associated with the autism or an issue of bolus mobility. He certainly could have chewing fatigue, or perhaps cannot lateralize the bolus to where it needs to go to swallow it. You will need to assess this, and if needed, implement a pre-feeding program such as, Feeding Therapy: A Sensory-Motor Approach. If all is assessed and nothing is wrong from an oral motor perspective, I would work with the child's behaviorist on a regimented plan to keep his hands down and away from the mouth during feedings.

On to your OPT questions... Phonatory control and volitional blowing can be a very big problem with apraxia. The sounds the child is making can be reflexive in nature but not achievable on command. This is also a defining trait of apraxia. I would consult with OT/PT to start working on rib cage expansion, trunk stability, and core strength as prerequisites for blowing. For now, expose him to the Bubble Program staying on step 2 of the Bubble Hierarchy and practice placing Horn #1 in the mouth and taking it out for the lip closure motor plan. You may also model it for him with your own horn. I often sing, "If you are happy and you know it blow a horn toot toot" and place the horn in the lips when I say 'toot'. I also place children in a prone position on an OT wedge during this task. Immediately after drilling the horn, use the Apraxia Bilabial Shapes to practice the bilabials.

Good luck!

Sincerely,

Robyn Merkel Walsh, MA, CCC-SLP

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Ask a Therapist: Frontal Lisp

Posted by Deborah Grauzam on

Hi,

I am an SLP in an elementary school in Virginia. I have been recently viewing your course A Three-Part Treatment Plan for Oral Placement Therapy. I have found your information to be extremely fascinating and, although I have 2 more hours, I have learned so much through your training. I do have a question. I have a 3rd grade student that is considered having a frontal lisp. He fronts many sounds. He is able to accurately produce the /s/ in conversation, when structured and prompted. However, in the course a child was mentioned that was able to accurately produce the /s/ in the structured setting, but once the setting was relaxed, she reverted back to her resting/comfortable position  of frontal sounds. Being that he is a typically developing child (9 years), would the bubble blowing and/or horn hierarchy be appropriate?

My thoughts would be that I need to work on establishing tongue retraction. I am just wondering what your professional judgement would be, considering he sounds a lot like  the girl that played "golf-ball air hockey" against Sara's daughter. I appreciate any thoughts you may be able to share! Thank you so much for your time and expertise!

 

Hi,

Thank you so much for your interest in TalkTools.

I am so glad you are enjoying the course and learning so much.  You are definitely on track with the client you are referring to.  It takes a while to establish the correct resting position for the tongue.  Keep in mind that this child has had his tongue in the wrong position for many years now so you are correcting a bad habit as well.  It is difficult to give detailed suggestions without seeing the child but have you assessed his jaw?  I would look at his jaw placement when he is producing the sound in a variety of contexts.  An excellent tongue retraction exercise is also the straw hierarchy so you may want to consider adding this to his treatment plan as well.

I hope this helps.  Please let me know if you have any other questions.  Thanks so much and good luck.

Whitney Pimentel

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