Functional Remediation of Tethered Oral Tissues (TOTs)
0.6 ASHA CEUs • 0.6 AOTA CEUs - click through for more info on our CEU Policy and Process
Tethered Oral Tissues (TOTs) is the restriction of the frena or frenulum, which are small
folds of tissue that connect bone to tissue and support or limit movement. While not a new condition, the term TOTs was coined by Kimberly Benkert, RDH and later by Dr.
Kevin Boyd in 2014 to describe restriction of the frenula in the tongue (ankyloglossia),
lip (lip-tie) or buccal frena. There are many “hot topics” about treating TOTs ranging
from the need for surgery to whether or not pre- and post-op care is necessary. Lori
and Robyn have done extensive literature review on TOTs and have collected several
years’ worth of clinical data in preparation of this course to explore these controversies and focus on an evidence-based approach to treatment.
This course provides participants with a “task analysis” of TOTs interventions, based on
Robyn and Lori’s theoretical foundation that the oral sensory-motor system cannot be
separated, and therefore when TOTs is diagnosed the impact on movement impedes
the way the person processes sensory information for feeding and speech. Any
movement in the body can be broken down into smaller motor units, and Robyn and
Lori have created a series of neuromuscular re-education techniques ranging from
passive to active to work with patients across the life span with a range of cognitive
This class will walk through interventions for both pre-feeding and feeding for: breast,
bottle, cup, spoon, solid and straw feeding(s) in addition to the oral placements required for speech clarity. Pre and post- operative considerations as well as surgical
procedures will be discussed. Neuromuscular re-education of the cheeks, lips and
tongue will be presented and numerous demonstrations, practicums and video slides
will teach participants to execute a functional remediation program. Exercises may be
executed in the school, hospital or clinic-based settings based on the impact on
education or activities of daily living. Finally, Robyn and Lori have added a new section
on toddlers and strategies for success with this challenging population.
- Participants will be able to list at least 2 surgical techniques for TOTs..
- Participants will be able to identify at least 2 goals of a pre-op TOTs plan of care.
- Participants will be able to execute at least 3 neuromuscular education activities
for pre and post op TOTs (1 buccal, 1 labial, 1 lingual).
Instruction Level: Intermediate. The learning outcomes and objectives are relevant for inter-professional practice and education (IEP) programs; and can be applied across the client's lifespan in a variety of settings (schools, private practice, clinics/hospitals)
Target Audience: SLPs, OTs, IBCLC, dentists, surgeons, ENTs and RDHs.
While TalkTools welcomes all to attend and learn the course content, it is the responsibility of the professional to determine if applying the techniques fits within the scope of their practice.
Content Disclosure: This presentation will focus on treatment methods related to the use of TalkTools® OPT resources. Other similar treatment approaches will receive limited or no coverage during this lecture.
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