Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders

Combining Muscle and Motor Based Approaches to Facilitate Speech in Individuals with Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders 

IAOM Poster Session 2019, New Orleans, LA.

Robyn Merkel-Walsh, MA, CCC-SLP/COM®

Renee Roy-Hill, MS, CCC-SLP/COM®


ASHA (2019). Speech sound disorders-articulation and phonology practice portal. Retrieved from: https://www.asha.org/Practice-Portal/Clinical-Topics/Articulation-and-Phonology/
ASHA (2018) Orofacial myofunctional disorders practice portal. Retrieved from: https://www.asha.org/PRPSpecificTopic.aspx?folderid=8589943975&section=Assessment
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Billings, M. & Davidson, D. (2018) Make the connection. Live presentation, New York, NY. 
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Kent, R.D., (2015). Nonspeech oral movements and oral motor disorders: A narrative review. AJSLP, 24, 763-789.
Lof, G.L. (2007). Reasons why non-speech oral motor exercises should not be used for speech sound disorders. Presentation at the ASHA Annual Convention, Boston, MA.   
Marshalla, P. (2007). Oral Motor Techniques Are Not New.     Oral Motor Institute, 1(1). Available from: www.oralmotorinstitute.org
Merkel-Walsh, R. (2018). How do I correct that pesky lisp. Webinar presentation. Charleston, SC: TalkTools. 
Merkel-Walsh, R. (2016). A modern look at Van Riper’s phonetic placement approach. Poster presentation at the ASHA Connect Convention, Minneapolis, MN. 
Merkel-Walsh, R. (2011). Systematic intervention for lingual elevation-2nd edition (SMILE). Charleston, SC: TalkTools. 
Moore, C.A., & Ruark, J L. (1996). Does speech emerge from earlier appearing oral motor behaviors? JSLHR, 39(5), 1034-1047.
Pierce, R. (2002). Swallow right. Austin, TX:Pro ed.
Ray, J. (2003). Effects of orofacial myofunctional therapy on speech intelligibility in individuals with persistent articulatory impairments. , IJOM, 29, 5-14.
Shotts, L.L., McDaniel, D.M., & Neeley, R A. (2008). The impact of prolonged pacifier use on speech articulation: A preliminary investigation. Contemp Issues Commun Sci Disord, 35, 72-75.