SCOPE References

Merkel-Walsh, R. (2019). SCOPE: It’s Not Just a Mouthwash. Poster Presentation at the Annual Convention of the International Association of Orofacial Myology: New Orleans, LA.


American Dental Hygienist Association (ADHA). (2018). Policy manual. Retrieved from:
American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA). (2019) Retrieved from:
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). (2019). Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders Practice Portal. Retrieved from:  
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). (2016). Scope of practice in speech-language pathology [Scope of Practice]. Available from
American Physical Therapy Association (APTA). (2016). Guide to physical therapist practice. Retrieved from:
Billings, M. & Davidson, D. (2018) Make the connection. Live Presentation, NY, NY. 
Billings, M., Gatto, K., D’Onofrio, L., Merkel-Walsh, R. & Archambault, N. (2018). Orofacial myofunctional disorders. Retrieved from:
D’Onofrio, L. (2019). Diagnosis and treatment of oromyofunctional disorder as it relates to obstructive sleep apnea. Live Presentation at Tufts Pediatric Dental Sleep Medicine, Boston, MA.
Holtzman, S. (2014). Orofacial myology: from basics to habituation. Orlando, Florida: Neo-Health Services.
International Board of Lactation Consultant Examiners (IBCLE). (2018). Scope of practice for international board-certified lactation consultant (IBCLC®) certificants. Retrieved from:
Merkel-Walsh, R. & Overland, L. (2018). The Functional Assessment and Remediation of Tethered Oral Tissue. Charleston, SC: TalkTools®. 
Moeller, J. L. (2015). Myofunctional therapy: Develop a new direction in your career in an exciting, groundbreaking profession. Retrieved from: 
Palmer, B. (1998). The influence of breastfeeding on the development of the oral cavity: a commentary. J Hum Lact, 14(2), 93-98.
Stevens-Mills, C. (2011). International association of orofacial history: origin-background-contributors. IJOM, 37: 5-25. Retrieved from: (2019). Scope. Retrieved from: